Substantial and robust evidence confirms a direct link between socioeconomic status and health status ― meaning people in the lowest socioeconomic group carry the greatest burden of illness. Research demonstrates that there is a “social gradient” in health that runs from top to bottom of the socioeconomic spectrum.

Income provides the prerequisites for health ― including housing, food, clothing, education, safety and the ability to participate in society in a meaningful way. Low income limits an individual’s opportunity to achieve their full health potential because it limits choices. This is why, in order to capture the true multi-dimensional and dynamic nature of poverty, it is more accurately recognized as social and economic exclusion …