Canada Day will see some changes in Saskatchewan.

Here is what you can expect:

Social assistance reductions kick in: The province is reducing benefits to those on transitional employment allowance by $20 per month. Travel benefits for people in residential care are also being reduced. Although the province walked back some of its planned reductions to funeral services for those on social assistance, there will still be less money available than there was before the provincial budget. Benefits for low-income earners in need of chiropractic services are also being reduced.

Canada’s largest metropolis is closing in on Vancouver for the dubious honour of being Canada’s most unaffordable city.

Housing affordability in Greater Toronto hit its worst level on record in the first quarter of 2017, Royal Bank of Canada said in a report issued Thursday. The bank’s affordability index for the city hit 72 per cent — meaning an average household would have to spend 72 per cent of its income to afford an average home.

That is “well outside rational limits … and our comfort zone,” the RBC report stated.

For over 20 years now, many highly credible studies have found that the disemployment effects of higher minimum wages are generally very close to zero. The pioneering empirical work by Princeton economists David Card (a Canadian) and Alan Krueger in the 1990s investigated empirical data on the impacts of real-world minimum-wage increases by carefully studying the natural experiments created when one jurisdiction increased its minimum wage, but others – often right across a state boundary – did not.

Their results shocked the economics profession. They found almost no impact of higher minimum wages on employment – and in some cases higher minimum wages were associated with more employment. Their now-classic book, Myth and Measurement, published in 1995, initially sparked enormous controversy. But the essence of scientific advance is the replication of empirical results. Since then, many highly credible empirical studies have confirmed the basic findings: there is almost no employment impact from moderate increases in minimum wages.

Article 25 of the UN Declaration of Human Rights:

We believe Canada should comply with the Article 25 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.” We believe that these rights should be enshrined in Canadian law so they are actually enforceable.

We all want to feel good about what Canada stands for. From progress on LGBTQ rights, to communities coming together to support new immigrants, to modest steps toward reconciliation, there are reasons to be proud of how far we’ve come in 2017.

But are we prepared to move beyond pride—to acknowledge just how much more work needs to be done?

Canada was founded on stolen Indigenous land. For at least 150 years, public policy—including the residential schools program—has attempted to make Canada’s first inhabitants disappear, physically and legally, as distinct peoples. This much was, once again, made crystal clear in the final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in 2015.

Today, Indigenous people in this country experience shocking levels of poverty, inadequate access to clean water and housing, disproportionate levels of arrest and incarceration, unequal levels of health care and education, the exploitation of their resources, and the regular abuse of treaty and land rights. Aboriginal women are murdered or go missing at rates far above any other part of the population.

People representing businesses, health care, indigenous groups and neighbours piled into Mark Street United Church on Wednesday (June 28) to share their ideas on how to reduce poverty.

The town hall, held by MP Maryam Monsef, is part of a series of meetings meant to influence federal policy on helping Canada’s low-income earners

“Poverty is a real issue here in this community,” she said, noting the meeting is meant to collaborate practices and projects that are helping to battle poverty.

We, the undersigned economists, support the decision to increase the minimum wage in Ontario to $15 an hour. Raising the wage floor makes good economic sense.

Today, Ontario’s minimum wage is $11.40 per hour. Adjusted for inflation, this is barely one dollar higher than its value in 1977. Yet over the same four decades, the average productivity of workers has increased by 40%. And the prevalence of minimum wage work is spreading. Around 1 in 10 Ontario workers make minimum wage today, with a large increase in this proportion over the last two decades.