Benefit sanctions are largely ineffective and in some cases push people into poverty and crime, our major study has found.

The research found little evidence that benefit sanctions enhance people’s motivation to prepare for or enter paid work and, by contrast, routinely trigger profoundly negative personal, financial and health outcomes.

The findings, conducted by the WelCond project and led by led by the University of York, show that some people are pushed into destitution, survival crime and ill health as a result of welfare conditionality.