… according to Pivot Legal Society, hostile design does more than just shoo homeless people away, it engenders a city-wide atmosphere of exclusion, driving Vancouver’s most vulnerable off the street into the city’s parks.

Not only does defensive design reinforce negative stigma, but it pushes homeless individuals to set up “informal tent city structures,” where people feel a greater sense of security and community, says Meenakshi Mannoe, a community educator.

According to data released June 12, approximately 2,223 homeless people were living in Vancouver this past March, including 614 without a shelter.

The small blue tent pitched in the shade of a willow tree at Centennial Gardens has been Danny Claybourn’s home for the past month.

Claybourn spent the winter months staying indoors through the Out of the Cold program.

Prior to that, the Montreal-born man said he had lived in the U.S. for decades, before being deported back to Canada.

Now, after months of living on city streets he’s desperate to find an apartment he can afford with the $1,200 a month he receives from ODSP, “or at least a room where I can be safe.”

Although MacLeod insists she’s done “some fantastic work for Ontario’s most vulnerable,” Ontario’s most vulnerable might have a different take.

Here’s a round up of Macleod’s legacy as Doug Ford’s social services minister:

1. Cutting a planned increase in Ontario Works and ODSP rates in half

2. Increasing costs for parents with autism by up to $80,000 per year

3. Planning half a billion in OW and ODSP cuts

4. Gutting food assistance for refugee kids

What follows are my experiences as a low-income and recently homeless Torontonian struggling to secure and maintain stable and affordable housing.

To that end, I’ll be mostly critical of the policies of the following agencies and programs: Toronto Employment and Social Services (TESS), which administers the Transitional Housing Assistance Program and the Housing Stabilization Fund (HSF); Ontario Works/Ontario Disability Support Program, which provides a maximum accommodation allowance of $495 per month; the Personal Needs Allowance, a former OW-related program that provided $27 per week to shelter clients; and the Community Start-Up Program (C-SUP), a former housing support program administered directly by OW/ODSP.

Over the last several months the Steering Committee for PFIB has been wrestling with what to do next to contribute to the work that needs to be done now in the current political, economic and social environment. We have made the difficult decision that PFIB is not the vehicle for our commitment to building power and changing the thinking, policies and programs that another regressive and oppressive government is forcing on people throughout Ontario.

We are going to wrap up PFIB.

Advocates who work with Montreal’s homeless say the deaths of 12 people since December is related to the closing of a downtown shelter.

“Everything that we said was going to happen when we moved has happened,” said Open Door intervention worker John Tessier.

The Open Door was located near Cabot Square, a park in downtown Montreal and a gathering spot for the city’s homeless.

It was the city’s only shelter willing to accept clients who were intoxicated, as well as the only one to welcome pets.

We’re now 10 years on from the biggest financial crisis since the Great Depression. Or, as our national mythology puts it, 10 years since Canada breathed a deep sigh of relief as the crisis mostly grazed our economy and financial system.

Since 2008, we’ve had 10 years of congratulatory back-patting over our system of financial regulation, 10 years of low inflation and low interest rates, 10 years of periodically oil-driven economic growth—and 10 years of exploding housing prices, of renovictions and demovictions, of working people pushed out of some cities and a real estate investment bonanza for the homegrown and foreign rich.