Household food insecurity takes a tremendous toll on the health care system.

After adjusting for other well-established social determinants of health, such as education and income levels, total annual health care costs in Ontario were:

23% higher for adults living in marginally food insecure households than in food secure households

49% higher for adults living in moderately food insecure households than in food secure households

121% higher for adults living in severely food insecure households than in food secure households

These findings imply that addressing food insecurity through targeted policy interventions would reduce the associated health care costs and improve overall health.